之前自己做了ec的key做csr的时候,startcom跟我说密钥长度太短,不给我用,现在看来是支持了。

ec的证书制作方法参见这个,现在startcom支持一个证书5个域名,基本上一个证书可以搞定。不过部署之后在ssllab检测的时候发现很多平台不支持,不知道为何,还真要认真的修整一下才行。

handshake-simulationChrome居然不支持,真是太让我吃惊了,IE系列基本上全跪,Android4.4.2和Android5都支持反而到了Android6又有问题,真是奇怪。

听闻了除了RSA和DSA以外,出现了新的加密算法,ecc(椭圆曲线加密算法),于是打算来尝尝鲜。

openssl目前的版本已经支持ecc,可以直接升成ecc的密钥和签署ecc的证书。用法大概是这样:

root@vultr:/tmp# openssl ecparam help
unknown option help
ecparam [options] <infile >outfile
where options are
 -inform arg       input format - default PEM (DER or PEM)
 -outform arg      output format - default PEM
 -in  arg          input file  - default stdin
 -out arg          output file - default stdout
 -noout            do not print the ec parameter
 -text             print the ec parameters in text form
 -check            validate the ec parameters
 -C                print a 'C' function creating the parameters
 -name arg         use the ec parameters with 'short name' name
 -list_curves      prints a list of all currently available curve 'short names'
 -conv_form arg    specifies the point conversion form
                   possible values: compressed
                                    uncompressed (default)
                                    hybrid
 -param_enc arg    specifies the way the ec parameters are encoded
                   in the asn1 der encoding
                   possible values: named_curve (default)
                                    explicit
 -no_seed          if 'explicit' parameters are chosen do not use the seed
 -genkey           generate ec key
 -rand file        files to use for random number input
 -engine e         use engine e, possibly a hardware device

首先检查一下当前openssl支持的密钥长度

 root@vultr:/tmp# openssl ecparam -list_curves
 secp112r1 : SECG/WTLS curve over a 112 bit prime field
 secp112r2 : SECG curve over a 112 bit prime field
 secp128r1 : SECG curve over a 128 bit prime field
 secp128r2 : SECG curve over a 128 bit prime field
 secp160k1 : SECG curve over a 160 bit prime field
 secp160r1 : SECG curve over a 160 bit prime field
 secp160r2 : SECG/WTLS curve over a 160 bit prime field
 secp192k1 : SECG curve over a 192 bit prime field
 secp224k1 : SECG curve over a 224 bit prime field
 secp224r1 : NIST/SECG curve over a 224 bit prime field
 secp256k1 : SECG curve over a 256 bit prime field
 secp384r1 : NIST/SECG curve over a 384 bit prime field
 secp521r1 : NIST/SECG curve over a 521 bit prime field
 prime192v1: NIST/X9.62/SECG curve over a 192 bit prime field
 prime192v2: X9.62 curve over a 192 bit prime field
 prime192v3: X9.62 curve over a 192 bit prime field
 prime239v1: X9.62 curve over a 239 bit prime field
 prime239v2: X9.62 curve over a 239 bit prime field
 prime239v3: X9.62 curve over a 239 bit prime field
 prime256v1: X9.62/SECG curve over a 256 bit prime field
 sect113r1 : SECG curve over a 113 bit binary field
 sect113r2 : SECG curve over a 113 bit binary field
 sect131r1 : SECG/WTLS curve over a 131 bit binary field
 sect131r2 : SECG curve over a 131 bit binary field
 sect163k1 : NIST/SECG/WTLS curve over a 163 bit binary field
 sect163r1 : SECG curve over a 163 bit binary field
 sect163r2 : NIST/SECG curve over a 163 bit binary field
 sect193r1 : SECG curve over a 193 bit binary field
 sect193r2 : SECG curve over a 193 bit binary field
 sect233k1 : NIST/SECG/WTLS curve over a 233 bit binary field
 sect233r1 : NIST/SECG/WTLS curve over a 233 bit binary field
 sect239k1 : SECG curve over a 239 bit binary field
 sect283k1 : NIST/SECG curve over a 283 bit binary field
 sect283r1 : NIST/SECG curve over a 283 bit binary field
 sect409k1 : NIST/SECG curve over a 409 bit binary field
 sect409r1 : NIST/SECG curve over a 409 bit binary field
 sect571k1 : NIST/SECG curve over a 571 bit binary field
 sect571r1 : NIST/SECG curve over a 571 bit binary field
 c2pnb163v1: X9.62 curve over a 163 bit binary field
 c2pnb163v2: X9.62 curve over a 163 bit binary field
 c2pnb163v3: X9.62 curve over a 163 bit binary field
 c2pnb176v1: X9.62 curve over a 176 bit binary field
 c2tnb191v1: X9.62 curve over a 191 bit binary field
 c2tnb191v2: X9.62 curve over a 191 bit binary field
 c2tnb191v3: X9.62 curve over a 191 bit binary field
 c2pnb208w1: X9.62 curve over a 208 bit binary field
 c2tnb239v1: X9.62 curve over a 239 bit binary field
 c2tnb239v2: X9.62 curve over a 239 bit binary field
 c2tnb239v3: X9.62 curve over a 239 bit binary field
 c2pnb272w1: X9.62 curve over a 272 bit binary field
 c2pnb304w1: X9.62 curve over a 304 bit binary field
 c2tnb359v1: X9.62 curve over a 359 bit binary field
 c2pnb368w1: X9.62 curve over a 368 bit binary field
 c2tnb431r1: X9.62 curve over a 431 bit binary field
 wap-wsg-idm-ecid-wtls1: WTLS curve over a 113 bit binary field
 wap-wsg-idm-ecid-wtls3: NIST/SECG/WTLS curve over a 163 bit binary field
 wap-wsg-idm-ecid-wtls4: SECG curve over a 113 bit binary field
 wap-wsg-idm-ecid-wtls5: X9.62 curve over a 163 bit binary field
 wap-wsg-idm-ecid-wtls6: SECG/WTLS curve over a 112 bit prime field
 wap-wsg-idm-ecid-wtls7: SECG/WTLS curve over a 160 bit prime field
 wap-wsg-idm-ecid-wtls8: WTLS curve over a 112 bit prime field
 wap-wsg-idm-ecid-wtls9: WTLS curve over a 160 bit prime field
 wap-wsg-idm-ecid-wtls10: NIST/SECG/WTLS curve over a 233 bit binary field
 wap-wsg-idm-ecid-wtls11: NIST/SECG/WTLS curve over a 233 bit binary field
 wap-wsg-idm-ecid-wtls12: WTLS curvs over a 224 bit prime field
 Oakley-EC2N-3:
 IPSec/IKE/Oakley curve #3 over a 155 bit binary field.
 Not suitable for ECDSA.
 Questionable extension field!
 Oakley-EC2N-4:
 IPSec/IKE/Oakley curve #4 over a 185 bit binary field.
 Not suitable for ECDSA.
 Questionable extension field!

然后就挑其中一个来制作ecc密钥

 openssl ecparam -genkey -name prime256v1 -noout -out ecc.key

参数中的noout是指不输出ec参数,genkey是生成密钥。

ecc密钥生成之后,就可以按照老方法来生成证书了。先生成证书请求:

openssl req -new -key ecc.key -out ecc.csr

再对其进行签署,可以自签署,或者交给其他的CA进行签署,或者自己用自己的CA证书进行签署:
自签署:

openssl x509 -req -days 365 -in server.csr -signkey server.key -out server.crt

自己用自己的CA证书进行签署:

 openssl ca -cert ca.crt -extensions server_cert -days 375 -notext -md sha256 -in ecc.csr -out ecc.crt

签署服务器证书用server_cert插件,签署客户端证书用usr_cert插件。

大功告成。